All types of incontinence can be caused by differing factors. For instance, stress incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors such as multiple childbirths in women, being overweight, genetic weaknesses, radiation therapy or other chronic conditions.
Urge incontinence or overactive bladder is caused by damage to the bladder’s nerves, nervous system or muscles.
Overflow incontinence is caused by weak bladder muscles, blockage of the urethra, or medical conditions such as tumours.
Functional incontinence is caused by conditions which slow the person’s ability to get to the toilet in time, such as arthritis or mental confusion associated with dementia.