This operation removes the large bowel, rectum, anus and sphincters. It is often performed for Ulcerative Colitis and Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP).
Panproctocolectomy is the removal of the entire colon, rectum and anal canal. This type of stoma is permanent.
This operation is performed for inflammatory bowel disease and bowel cancer and results in total removal of the entire colon. The rectum is left in situ. This stoma is reversible.
This operation is performed if you have cancer low in the bowel or you have diverticular disease.The upper part of the rectum is removed and the remaining colon is sewn onto the remaining rectum. A loop ileostomy is usually formed to allow the bowel to heal and this is reversed at a later date.