What Is A Wound?


A wound may be described in many ways; by its aetiology, anatomical location, by whether it is acute or chronic1, by the method of closure, by its presenting symptoms or indeed by the appearance of the predominant tissue types in the wound bed. All definitions serve a critical purpose in the assessment and appropriate management of the wound through to symptom resolution or, if viable, healing.

A wound by true definition is a breakdown in the protective function of the skin; the loss of continuity of epithelium, with or without loss of underlying connective tissue (i.e. muscle, bone, nerves)2 following injury to the skin or underlying tissues/ organs caused by surgery, a blow, a cut, chemicals, heat/ cold, friction/ shear force, pressure or as a result of disease, such as leg ulcers or carcinomas3.

Wounds heal by primary intention or secondary intention depending upon whether the wound may be closed with sutures or left to repair, whereby damaged tissue is restored by the formation of connective tissue and re-growth of epithelium4.

References:

  1. Enoch S and Price P (2004) Cellular, molecular and biochemical differences in the pathophysiology of healing between acute wounds, chronic wounds and wounds in the aged. Worldwidewounds.
  2. Leaper DJ and Harding KG. (1998) Wounds: Biology and Management. Oxford University Press.
  3. Hutchinson J (1992). The Wound Programme. Centre for Medical Education: Dundee.
  4. Cooper P. (2005) A review of different wound types and their principles of management in Wound Healing: A systematic approach to advanced wound healing and management. Cromwell Press, UK

Caveat: The information given is a guide only and should not replace clinical judgement.

Wound Care Products

View and order free samples of wound care products, including barrier films, medical adhesive removers and charcoal dressings.

View All Wound Care Products

Connect with us on

Get email newsletters from Clinimed

Thank you for asking to keep up to date with CliniMed by email.

We hope that you will find our emails useful and informative – we promise not to send you too many, too often and you can stop receiving them at any time by simply clicking the ‘unsubscribe’ link which you will find at the bottom of all our marketing emails.  Please note that it may take up to 4 weeks for your details to be added to our database. You will begin receiving emails from us after this time.

By submitting, you agree to receiving quarterly product and service emails from CliniMed. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in any of our emails, calling CliniMed Careline 0800 036 0100 or emailing info@clinimed.co.uk, and you can view our full privacy policy here.